How to Activate or Deactivate Cortana in Windows 10

How to Activate or Deactivate Cortana in Windows 10

Finally, Microsoft’s digital assistant “Cortana” has been embedded into the company’s desktop operating system – Windows 10. Using digital voice assistant, one can easily get small things (set alarm, remainder, search, etc) done and its a wise thing to activate it for increasing productivity level. Windows user can easily upgrade to the new version of Windows for free.
If you’ve upgraded to Windows 10 from previous versions, then “Cortana” might not be activated by default. So here’s an easy way to activate/deactivate her.

ACTIVATING/DEACTIVATING CORTANA IN WINDOWS 10

  • Click Start button
  • Select Cortana
  • Within the settings, click the notebook icon (third icon down – on the left)
  • Click the toggle button to turn on/off Cortana

TURNING OFF “HEY CORTANA” VOICE COMMAND

Cortana pops up herself when you use this command, that means she’s active all the time which is battery consuming too! So some people might prefer deactivating this voice command.
Go to Start > Cortana, and select the notebook icon. Click the toggle menu to turn off the voice command.

How to Visit Your WordPress Login Page


WordPress beginners might find it difficult to find and visit their WordPress login page. WordPress login page is the admin section of WordPress site which lets authentic users to login into their site’s dashboard, so they can manage their WordPress site from the back-end. Once you’re logged in to your WordPress dashboard you can publish posts & pages, change appearance, add or delete themes & plugins, add or remove users, and manipulate various site elements.
Once you’re familiar with WordPress, everything becomes quite easy. You can have a better site running under 5-10 minutes. But to edit your WordPress site app per your needs, you’ll first need to login to admin dashboard vi WordPress login page.

FINDING YOUR WORDPRESS LOGIN URL

You can simply access the login page of your WordPress site by entering /login/ or /admin/ slug after your WordPress site’s URL.
http://www.example.com/login/
http://www.example.com/admin/
These URL automatically redirect to the main login page of your WordPress site. If they do not properly redirect, you can make use of following URLs.
http://www.example.com/login.php/
http://www.example.com/admin.php/
The above example URLs are for the WordPress site running on the root domain. If you’re running your WordPress site on a subdomain, then you can access your site’s login page by adding /login/ or /admin/ slug to the subdomain URL. But if that does not redirect properly to the login page, use following URL structure.
http://subdomain.example.com/login.php/
http://subdomain.example.com/admin.php/
Once you’re familiar with these URL, you can easily access WordPress login page of your site or blog.

Wget: How To Scrap Any Website From Terminal?

Today I'm going to share you some easy but cool stuffs which I tried on my Linux Terminal. Today I downloaded this blog techjhola.com to my local machine with the help of command line tool "Wget".

Wget is a free utility for non-interactive download of files from the Web.  It supports HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP protocols, as well as retrieval through HTTP proxies. Wget is non-interactive, meaning that it can work in the background, while the user is not logged on.  This allows you to start a retrieval and disconnect from the system, letting Wget finish the work.  By contrast, most of the Web browsers require constant user's presence, which can be a great hindrance when transferring a lot of data.

Today I will show you how I did the web scrapping of my website. Web Scrapping simply means downloading data from any online platform through automation of third party software. I've added a screenshot of the downloading activity created by wget. The command below looks kind of lengthy. The command I used is:
sudo wget --show-progress --progress=dot --verbose --recurseve --retryconnrefused -x --level=5 https://www.techjhola.com 

I'll now break the command and describe the use of each parameters used within a single command.

Basically to download a website it is okey to provide the default command wget www.sitename.com. But at the same time you should make sure if the download is on progress so you add the parameter: --show-progress.  So i used --show-progress command along with the dot displaying parameter --progress=dot. 
Now that a website will have different directories that it fetched tie file from so I added a --recursive parameter.  -x  is used such that I shouldn't bother about any restrictions and I can download the site forcefully. 
--retry-connrefused This is useful parameter which helps to continuously retry connecting to the website and establish a connection. 
Wget has this special parameter level,  which you shouldn't miss using wihle downloading a website which has many indepth urls within an article or a page.
Suppose you use --level=3,  than the download begins with the doamin i.e. www.techjhola.com ans it starts downloading all data of the domain. If it finds any content with a weblink then it downloads everything inside that weblink. Same is done till it reaches its final level i.e. 3.

There are huge bunch of parameters that you can implement while executing the command. To learn about the tool type man wget in your terminal.

Offline Wikiepdia in HeNN E-Library Project

There are more than 35 E-Libraries  setup in Nepal by Help Nepal Network which runs on Linux Machine(Edubuntu : Educational Distribution of Ubuntu). What we the volunteers from Kathmandu University Open Source Community have done is, we have download GBs of wikipedia from the High Bandwidth University Internet and added those contents to the E-Libraries. And the volunteers update the content of wikipedia every three months they visit the site for Monitoring.

Windows 10 : How to Disable Login Screen Background Image


Windows 10 included Hero wallpaper that comes as a default wallpaper in final build of Windows 10. It also popped in the same image for the login background.
It might have pleased a few people but most of the people out there don’t seem to have liked it.

DISABLING THE LOGIN SCREEN BACKGROUND IMAGE IN WINDOWS 10

  • Go to Start > type regedit
  • On the folder tree (left side of regedit window), open HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > SOFTWARE > Policies > Microsoft > Windows > System
  • By clicking System, you can see (Default) file on the right pane of the window.
  • Right-click on the empty area > New > DWORD (32 bit) Value
  • Name the file DisableLogonBackgroundImage (Remember: Name the file exactly mentioned here)
  • Double-click the file:
    • To remove the Windows Hero background, set the Value data to 1.
    • To restore the Windows Hero background, set the Value data to 0.
This method sets the accent color to the background image in login screen. In the internet, you may find 3rd party software that commits to set user defined image but after the KB3081424 Windows Update, it seems to cause screen flickering issue between Lock Screen and Login Screen.

How to Resolve Issue "UNABLE TO RESOLVE HOST HOSTNAME" in UBUNTU ?



Today's blog is about a simple issue you sometimes encounter after you rename your machine's hostname. 
Issue: 
[email protected]:~$ sudo cat /etc/hostnameUnable to resolve hostname xenialPlease enter your password:
This issue occurred to me just recently when I renamed my machine name from whoareyou to xenail.
Everytime I encountered this "Unable to resolve hostname xenial" issue

Earlier while I checked my hostname with command sudo cat /etc/hostname the result was xenial.
[email protected]:~$ sudo cat /etc/hostnamexenial

But the hostname was not listed inside /etc/hosts. I checked with command sudo cat /etc/hosts

[email protected]:~$ sudo cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost
127.0.1.1 whoareyou
The exact reason for why the host xenail wasn't listed in hosts is yet unknown. But in order to resolve the issue I did this simple tweak.
I renamed the hostname xenial from /etc/hostname to whoareyou.  and restarted the machine. Then after the issue was no more encountered. As simple as it is.
#HAPPYBLOGGING 

Removing Plug-ins from your browser

Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google chrome each allow for the use of plug-ins and add-ons which are scripts that augment the functionality of the browser. In this we are going to see how to disable or remove such plug-in or add-ons from these three main browsers.

  • In the menu bar select Tools > Add- ons.
  • Then click on plug- ins icon on your left side.
  • Find the plug-in from the list of installed plug-ins that you want to remove
  • Select it and click on the Disable button (or click on always activate and select Never Activate) on the right side.







NOTE: In Google Chrome, Add-ons are called Extensions.
  • At the top of the browser, click on the “menu” icon and navigate to Tools > Extensions
  • In the Extensions tab, find the list of installed extensions that you want to remove.
  • Click the Disable link or uninstall link under the name of the extension.







Internet Explorer

  • In the menu bar, select Tools > Manage add or click on the “gear” icon and select Mange add-ons.
  • In the manage Add-ons window, we can find the add on from list of currently loaded add-ons on the right.
  • Select it and click on the Disable bottom.

Reference:

3 Quick Tips to Help You Use Facebook More Effectively


I don’t think it is necessary to introduce Facebook. With almost a billion plus users around the globe, Facebook is the top social networking site, at present. The social network allows its users to share photos & videos, update status about what they’ve been up to, manage businesses via pages, chat with friends, play games, and more.
Facebook has always updated itself according to the need of the time and its users. Tons of new features have been brought into play and dozens of times the user-interface has changed, since it first went online in 2004.
But there are specific updates and features which some users might not want to make use of.
Firstly, there are some Facebook users who might not play games and use apps on Facebook. They just want to get status updates, interact in status & photos. If these people start receiving tons of Facebook games requests, they’re definitely going to get irritated.

HOW TO STOP RECEIVING GAME REQUESTS ON FACEBOOK

Games like Candy Crush Saga, Farmville, Criminal Case, Mafia Wars, and many more keep on sending notifications which are actually very irritating for especially non gamers like me myself. I hate them more than anyone else.
Blocking Game Requests on Facebook
  • Login to your Facebook Account
  • Go to Settings > Account Settings
  • Click on Apps
  • Go to Platform
  • On next page you’ll be asked if you want to receive notifications for games invite or not. Simply click NO
Now on you’ll never receive any sorts of requests or invites from games on Facebook.
Secondly, not every Facebook users might be making use of WiFi while surfing their news feed. Recently, Facebook rolled out an update which makes videos play automatically, without having you to click on the play button. Well, those users using Mobile data (without subscription) are definitely going to have problem in this case.

HOW TO DISABLE VIDEOS AUTO-PLAY ON FACEBOOK

From Mobile/Tablet FACEBOOK app,
  • Open the application, click the option on the top right below the chat bar
  • App setting Videos play automatically
  • Click the option off
  • Likewise you can use On or WiFi only options whenever required
From desktop,
  • Login to your Facebook account
  • Visit Setting
  • Go to, Videos Auto play videos, and turn it Off
That is it! You can now soundly go through your Facebook news feed without worrying about your mobile data usage.
Lastly, If you are on a slower wireless network, or using Mobile data to surf Facebook on your Mobile phone, you can choose a proper setting to control how much data Facebook uses on your phone.
Photos are the data hungry element of Facebook; higher the quality of photos – the more it takes time to load the page. So when you’re on a slower WiFi network or on mobile data, you might want to decide how you want your posts to appear while surfing Facebook.

CONTROL HOW MUCH DATA FACEBOOK DOWNLOADS ON YOUR PHONE

  • Login to your Facebook account on your phone
  • Scroll down to the bottom and click Settings & Privacy
  • Open General Page
  • Tap on Edit next to Data Usage
  • Choose one option between : Less, Normal & More
What does Less, Normal & More Data Usage Mean on Facebook
  • Less data usage means Facebook will no more display any photos on your newsfeed.
  • Normal data usage means Facebook will show all the photos, but in low quality.
  • More data usage means Facebook will show all the photos in high quality. If you’re on a much faster Wireless network or you’ve mobile data package subscription then you might want to select this option.
How to Get .NP Domain Name for Free

How to Get .NP Domain Name for Free

If you’re unaware about this then let me make you clear that you can easily get .np domain name either for personal use or for your business purposes. The domain registrations done under under .NP ccTLD (A country code top-level domain is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code. All ASCII ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs.) is free of cost and is done by Mercantile Communications.
You can apply for a domain like COM.NP, ORG.NP, EDU.NP, NET.NP, GOV.NP, NAME.NP, etc. These are only some of the domains, if you want the full list please visit register.com.np. And today in this post I’ll discuss how easily you can register a .NP domain name for yourself.
Disclaimer: .NP domains are available only for Nepalese citizens and businesses based in Nepal.
Without wasting time around, let’s move directly to the tutorial. I’ll try my best to explain whatever steps you’ll have to go through for .NP domain registration. For your comfort, I recommend watching the above video.

HOW TO REGISTER .NP DOMAIN NAME FOR FREE

  • Open up your browser and go to register.com.np.
  • Now enter any domain name and check if it is available. Once you come across an available domain, and you’re satisfied, drag the box to the basket on the right.
  • Next thing you’ll have to do is register for the site. Choose a username, and enter your email ID and verify it. And finally click on the red ‘register’ button (it will become red when you’re done).
  • Check your email and activate your account. After activation, enter your username and password to login to the site.
  • In the new page, you’ll see that you’re domain has been added to just requested tab. Now click on ‘edit’ and you’ll be taken to next page where you’ll have to enter your details.
  • Enter your details: your name, address, phone & mobile number. After you’ve added these details, click on ‘NameServers’ from the sidebar on the left.
  • This is an important section.  Here you’ll be asked to upload your scanned photo of either your citizenship or passport or driving license. Once you select the scanned file, click on upload button. And your scanned photo will be uploaded on the site.
  • And below you’ll have to enter name serves for your domain. Okay, you might ask what are name server. For clear understanding, I recommend you to research about it.
That’s it! Now after one or two days your domain name will be registered.
7 Most Useful Quick Android Tips For Beginners

7 Most Useful Quick Android Tips For Beginners

We’ve been consistently coming up with various guides and tutorials for Android. If you haven’t still checked our beginner guide to basic Android settings, then you want to check them out because you might be missing 10 very useful tips to get most out of your Android device.
Moving on, here are seven most useful quick Android tips. These tips are definitely helpful to increase your productivity level, which includes disabling vibration during phone calls, taking screenshots, settings default dialer, optimizing phone screen, viewing saved wireless network password, hiding files and folders, and adjusting brightness using status bar.

TIP 1: HOW TO DISABLE VIBRATION DURING CALLS ON ANDROID

Whenever you get calls on your Android, by default the device rings along with vibration. This feature during calls is useful if you’re in a noisy place where its difficult to hear the ringtone; in that case the vibration might make you aware of incoming call.
But, vibration during calls is not always useful, so some of you might want to disable it. Disabling vibration might also save you some percentage of your battery charge.
On your Android device,
  • Go to Settings
  • Open Sounds
  • Scroll down to the Vibrate section and turn on/off Also vibrate for calls option
In this way you can now select your own preference during incoming call, either ring only or both ring & vibrate.

TIP 2: HOW TO TAKE A SCREENSHOT ON ANDROID

Do you want to share your score after getting a new high-score in a game, share portion of webpages, or share anything that’s on your Android screen? Whatever might be the reasons, you can simply take a screenshot to capture your Android screen and share it online or do whatever you’d want.
Taking a Screenshot on Android
  • Hold down Power button + Volume down buttons at the same time
  • Continue holding the buttons until you hear a click or a screenshot sound
To view screenshot
  • Visit Gallery app
  • You’ll find your screenshot image under Screenshots album

TIP 3: HOW TO SET THE DEFAULT DIALER IN ANDROID

Making an app default (selecting “always” options) means that the system won’t display any prompt to select an app the next time. One of my friend recently downloaded a dialer app from Google Play, and made that particular downloaded app the default dialer app to make calls. Now he wanted to revert back to the Android default dialer.
Well, there is an easy way to revert to the default one.
Visit settings > Applications > Manage Applications. 
Select the “downloaded” among the tab menu, to view the list of applications which you’ve downloaded. From the list select the dialer app which you’ve downloaded. Within the dialer app info page, scroll down and press the “clear defaults” button.
That’s it, now open the dialer, and this time you’ll be prompted to select an app to open the dialer.

TIP 4: HOW TO OPTIMIZE PHONE SCREEN IN CYANOGENMOD

LiveDisplay, one of the cool feature which CyanogenMod has added to their nightlies and I personally first came across this feature on OnePlus phones running CyanogenMod 12.1. LiveDisplay optimizes the phone screen based on time, providing various options including color temperature, brightness & saturations, enhance colors, screen color.
Viewing LiveDisplay Settings in CyanogenMod
  • Visit Settings
  • Select Display & Lights
  • Tap on LiveDisplay
Now let’s go through the available options which you can manipulate to optimize your phone screen.
Activating Night Mode in CyanogenMod
Visit Settings > Display & Lights > LiveDisplay, and tap on Display mode to select Night which automatically activates Night mode on your CyanogenMod phone.
Similarly, you can activate the Outdoor mode which optimizes the settings so that you can effectively use your phone while you’re outdoor, under bright sun.
Activating Automatic Screen Optimization in CyanogenMod
  • Visit Settings
  • Select Display & Lights
  • Tap on LiveDisplay
  • And select Automatic from the list of modes
Instead of selecting modes (day, night, outdoor), some might consider allowing the system itself to auto manage and optimize. No matter, which time you use your phone, the system automatically adjusts its settings.
Adjusting Screen Color of Your Phone Screen
While you’re inside LiveDisplay settings, visit Screen color option below Calibration. Here you can adjust the Hue, Saturation, Contrast and Intensity of the screen.
You have predefined settings: Standard & Vivid – available for adjusting Screen color.
If you want to manually adjust the settings select Custom, and tap the gear icon. Now slide the sliders as per your preference and once you’re done, tap SAVE button to apply the changes.

TIP 5: HOW TO VIEW SAVED WIFI PASSWORD ON ANDROID DEVICES

Sometimes you might forget the password of the Wireless networks (WiFi) which you’ve previously connected to. Once you connect to a network, your Android system automatically saves the network’s details, so that the next time you connect to the same network you won’t have to enter password again.
Logging into the router and viewing the wireless settings might be the first option, only if you’ve access to the router. What if its a public, or other networks (office/company) where you don’t have direct access to the router?  Well, in that case there’s a workaround that lets you view saved WiFi password on your Android device.
Disclaimer: Make sure that your Android device is already rooted.
  • Open Terminal Emulator on your Android device
  • Type su in the terminal to gain superuser access
  • Use cat command to view the content of /data/misc/wifi/WPA_supplicant.conf file.
cat /data/misc/wifi/WPA_supplicant.conf 
WPA_supplicant.conf files stores the details of networks which you’ve connected to.

TIP 6: HOW TO HIDE FILES/FOLDERS IN YOUR ANDROID DEVICE

Whenever we are forced to hang out with kids and relatives, it’s usual case that your cousins are always curious to play games and view gallery on your mobile and the hard part is you can’t say “NO”. In fact, someone may sneak your phone without permission and take valuable or private data that you don’t want to share.
Here’s the quick solution for your android device to hide any file without using any third party app. The hidden file will not be view-able on your gallery, multimedia players, office editors, etc. It’s easy and only takes a second to hide your data from anyone until and unless the person knows about this trick.
  • Unlock your device, and open File Manager
  • Click the setting option > Show Hidden files
  • Now go the desired file/folder that you want to hide.
  • Just rename the file with (.) dot before the filename and save it. For example, “.sandy” or “.thequickblog”
  • And the file will be hidden. You can mark/unmark the Show hidden file option whenever you desire.
Hiding the Contents Without Renaming the Folder
  • To do so you can create a file by naming it as “.nomedia” inside the folder that you want to hide. It’s content on the Gallery will be hidden without renaming the folder.
Note: It works on most of the android devices but for Sony Xperia series, this workaround works only if it is a Premium app. In free version you can’t access this feature. You better download a file manager from google play store.
For Samsung devices, the name of default file manager is Files.

TIP 7: HOW TO ADJUST BRIGHTNESS BY SLIDING ACROSS STATUS BAR IN CYANOGENMOD

Ability to adjust brightness of your Android device screen by sliding across status bar is one of the cool feature which CyanogenMod has brought to their latest ROMs. In most of the android devices, brightness can be adjusted using the brightness level bar, but CyanogenMod users can quickly adjust the screen brightness of their CM powered Android device by sliding across the status bar.
Activating “Slide Status Bar to Adjust Brightness” Feature
  • Visit Settings
  • Select Status Bar under personal heading
  • Tap on Brightness control
Adjusting Brightness from Status Bar
Place your finger over the status bar and slide from left to right to increase the brightness and similarly slide for right to left to decrease. You can see the changes in the brightness level of your device in realtime, while you slide your finger across the status bar.

CONCLUSION

I hope these android tips were in anyway helpful to you.
Android is the most customizable phone out there, there are many workarounds which you can perform with your Android device to get most out of it. So for now, I am signing off from this post, promising you guys that I will be back with more other Android tips and guides.
Stay subscribed to our blog for further updates.

Beginners Guide to Basic Android Settings: Part 2


Welcome to the series of “Beginners Guide to Basic Android Settings”. This is the second part of the series which discusses about various settings you can play with related to Wireless & networks, in your Android device.
Here’s the first part of this series, visit Beginners Guide to Basic Android Settings: Part 1.

TIP 7: HOW TO SETUP APN SETTINGS ON ANDROID

APNs in Android (access point names) can be simply understood as a gateway for your Android phone to get connected to the internet. APNs lets you access mobile internet, but you’ll have to setup APN settings which varies depending upon your mobile service provider.
Setting up APN: Android Gingerbread
  • Go to Settings
  • Tap Wireless and Networks
  • Select Mobile Networks
  • Visit Access Point Names, to create a new APN
Setting up APN: Android Ice-Cream Sandwich & Android Jellybean
  • Go to Settings
  • Look for Mobile Network under Wireless & Networks
  • Visit Access Point Names, and create a new APN
Setting up APN: Android Lollipop
  • Go to Settings
  • Tap Mobile Networks
  • Visit Access Point Names, and create a new APN
How To Reset To Default APN Settings
Sometimes you might configure the APN settings in a wrong way and need to revert back to default. In Android Lollipop visit settings > mobile networks > access point names, tap on options and select Reset to default.

TIP 8:  HOW TO CHANGE DEFAULT SMS APP ON ANDROID

Messenger is the default SMS app on Android Lollipop. Text messages, Multimedia messages, their settings like SMS signature, push services, QuickMessage, etc are handled by this app.
Not all people have same taste when it comes to apps preferences, so some might want to change their default SMS app to some other apps like Messaging and Hangouts.
  • Visit Settings
  • Tap More, below Wireless & networks heading
  • Open up Default SMS app
  • Select the default app which you’d like to use for handling SMS
To use apps like Google Hangouts as your default SMS app, make sure you’ve already downloaded and installed them on your phone.

TIP 9: HOW TO MANUALLY SETUP AND CONNECT TO A VPN ON ANDROID

Android users can make use of VPN on their phones for browsing web anonymously and securely on a public wireless network, connect themselves to a specific network (office/home), view blocked contents like YouTube videos, webpages, etc. Using VPN on Android has one most effective use, i.e  ability to download the apps which are not available in your country.
For manually setting up a VPN on Android,
  • Go to Settings
  • Tap More, under Wireless and networks
  • Select VPN
  • Click on the + button to create a new VPN profile
  • Enter each specific details
    • Name: Give a name to your private network
    • Type: From the dropdown select the type of private network you’re connecting to. (PPTP, L2TP/IPSEC, IPSec Xauth, IPSec Hybrid)
    • Server address: Type the server address of the private network. Eg, server.example.com or address can also be the IP address
    • If you’d like to change the DNS search domains, click the check box that says Show advanced options.
  • Tap the SAVE option, once you’ve entered all the details
You can create numerous VPN profiles. Each time just tap on the + button and repeat above steps.

TIP 10: CONNECTING TO A MANUALLY CREATED VPN ON ANDROID

After you’ve successfully created a VPN, tap the VPN to connect to it.
Now you’ll have to enter your Username and Password to connect to that specific private network. After entering your credentials hit Connect button.
When connected to a VPN, a “VPN activated” notification will show up on the notification drawer. You can tap the notification and tap disconnect to stop connecting to that private network.
This is the second part of the series “Beginners Guide to Basic Android Settings”. Stay subscribed to our blog for further updates.