One-Day Workshop on Building Smart Cities Organized by DoCSE, KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kathmandu University organized a one day workshop entitled “Towards Building Smart Cities: ICT Perspective” on 18th July 2017. The program was inaugurated at KU-IT Park by Vice Chancellor Prof. Dr. RamKantha Makaju Shrestha by lighting Smart Panas using a mobile app. The inaugural welcome speech was delivered by Registrar Prof. Dr. Bhola Thapa where he highlighted the importance of Smart City and wished the event a grand success.

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Note: This article and image used in this article are retrieved from Kathmandu University Official website and reshared as is. Article is shared to spread information about ICT Progress. For any copyright issues please issue a report at [email protected] 

इन्टरनेट बिनाको इमेल प्रविधिको उद्घाटन

प्रहरी प्रधान कार्यालयमा आइतबार आयोजित एक समारोहबीच ५९ औं प्रहरी संचार दिवस सम्पन्न भएको छ । सो अवसरमा प्रमुख अतिथि माननीय गृहमन्त्री जनार्दन शर्माले इन्टरनेट बिनाको इमेल प्रविधि (H.F. Radio Data) को समेत उद्घाटन गर्नुभयो ।

रेडियो प्रविधि र कम्प्युटर प्रविधीको कुराकानी नै H.F. Radio Data प्रविधि हो । यो Military Standard को प्रविधिलाई Software Defined प्रविधि पनि भनिन्छ, जसबाट ईन्टरनेट बिना नै इमेल पठाउन सकिन्छ । यो प्रविधिलाई Internet Server सँग जडान गरिने हो भने Internet Browse गर्न सकिन्छ । त्यसै गरी Email Server मा जडान गरिने हो भने व्यक्तिगत Email Address मा पनि यो प्रविधिबाट ईमेल पठाउन सकिन्छ । यो प्रविधिको प्रयोगले जहाँ ईन्टरनेट सुबिधा छैन त्यँहाबाट इमेल र फोटो पठाउन सकिन्छ र यो सूचना चुहावट नहुने सुरक्षित प्रविधि समेत भएकाले यो प्रविधि प्रहरीमा उपयोगी हुने देखिन्छ ।

थप जानकारीका लागि नेपाल प्रहरी को आधिकारिक फेसबुक एकाउन्टबाट छापिएको यो पोस्ट हेर्नुहोला। 
सूचना प्रबिधि सम्बन्धित संदेश भएकोहुनाले आधिकारिक समाचार लाई हुबहु उतारिएको छ। तस्बिर र लेख दुबैनै  नेपाल प्रहरी को आधिकारिक फेसबुक एकाउन्टबाट  लियिएको हो। नेपालमा IT चेतना फैलाउने हाम्रो उदेश्य हो। Copyright उल्लंघन सम्बन्धि कुनै आपत्ति भएमा सम्पर्क ठेगाना :[email protected]

Google Apps: How to Exchange Your Domain Mail with Google Mail App?

Whichever be the ISP that provided you a domain name, you will only get limited size of space for your email. I registered my site from ohodomain and it provides me about 50MB of space for mail exchange and I use webmail to view my emails. Unlike many email browsing application/ email service provider like outlook, thunderbird, yahoo and gmail, webmail is one of them. 
Today in this blog I'll list out the step by step guide to setup widely used Google's Product Gmail Application for using it to browse your email provided by your domain provider.

After the email is setup you can simply enter your email "[email protected]".
You can than reach to your email login screen by typing "" .Where you will enter your email [email protected] and your password.
In order to reach your admin panel which is also provided by Google, your URL will be something like this

G Suite Account Setup

Below are the step-by-step  guide to perform the mail exchange:
  • First you need to sign up at G Suite for Google Apps.
    G Suite is powered by Google Cloud which provides your business with Gmail, Docs, Drive and Calendar.
  • During the Registration you need to provide your Personal as well as Organization Details like (Name, Current Email, Business or Organization Name,Number of Employees, Country. Region)
  • Next you will be directed to configure your domain. There are two options where you can either register your existing domain or buy a new one from google.
    Select your existing domain 
  • Next You will be asked for a username and password to register a new account at G Suite.
This completes the first part of our set up. Now you need to verify your ownership of the domain you just registered. This can be done by following the email you received after the registration got completed.

Domain Exchange

Now that you have your G Suite Account you need to verify the domain and do the mail exchange i.e. you need to point your domain email server with Google's provided mail server exchange links. We will proceed to the step-by-step guide to do the mail exchange.
    • To Perform the mail exchange you need to login to the admin panel (call it as CPanel or administration panel, just login to the page where you do your domain's modification). NOTE:I can do the modification from my domain admin panel as well as through Cloudflare. Because I monitor my domains HTTPS , SSL Certificated through Cloudflare. So I can add any email exchange point from here only.
    • In you Admin Panel, Go to the Email configuration Section. Click on Configure your Domain Name to use our Name Servers.There you need to add MX Record. NOTE: A MX record identifies registered or assigned with your domain.
    • Now add following MX Entry for your server domain which is provided by google cloud. Also donot forget to add their priority:
      To know more about verifying G Suite Domain follow this link : G Suite Quick Fixes Help

      This completes your second part of cnfiguration. Now that you have the verified G Suite account and you completed your Mail Server Point Exchange Completed, you can login to the admin panel og your G Suite through this link:
      There you can add users in your business. After the complete setup of G Suite you can not only login to email but GSuite provides a package of Gmail, Docs, Drive and Calendar. You can have access to these applications.

      By default Google Cloud Provides 30 GB of cloud storage which is now your secure and convenient store for domain communication.
      For a corporate Organization the cost  should not be expensive as well. It chager $5per user/ per month.
      Also you can try the free version to review if migrating to Gmail Apps is worth it or not.The free trail version is available for 15 days

      How to Remotely Disable Active Gmail Sessions

      How to Remotely Disable Active Gmail Sessions

      Security Advice: Never trust the guy 
      next to your side, he may be peeking your passwords. Prior to that never use your friends gadgets to check your vital information. Go INCOGNITO even in your own device becaus somebody is always watching you!!!

      Tips today we are writing about is not a new one, but when it comes to the security aspects of cyber world, nothing is old or less important. Whenever we use somebody’s laptop, tablets or smart phones our advice to you is go incognito, always use private browsing.
      • Login to your gmail account
      • Scroll down to the bottom, in the bottom right corner, you will see details, Click it.
      • Now a new screen appears , there you can see the details of the active sessions.
      • Your current session is marked with an * sign.
      • Then to disable other active sessions(if any) there appears a bottom to signout remotely.
      That's it! Just few clicks and you are free from vulnerability.

      Can Computer suppress Human Intelligence?

      Picture from
      Computers today have achieved attention of the global audience to an extent never before seen on this earth. We humans have amazing capabilities that computers can't dream of, for example we are extremely brilliant to identify what we DON'T know. If you ask someone if s/he knows what is the meaning of 'Mameluke', s/he will answer immediately 'no' if s/he doesn't know it. Just that easy for us. But ask the biggest database in the world for any kind of information, and it will need time to search the full database just to identify if it has the information or not.And with this attention comes the power to influence people's thinking which has indeed given a raise to an open question: Are computers smarter than a human brain? Are they more intelligent? 
      Computers will never be as smart as humans because they can only do what a programmer “teaches” them to do, and the programmer cannot teach them more than a subset of what he himself knows as "an intelligent creation has to have an intelligent creator" but Why is the idea wrong? Because it assumes that an intelligent creation has to have an intelligent,an intelligent creation has to have an intelligent creator
      On our first thought, we might think that computer are superior to human brain. Computer can perform complex task very quickly, it has a huge storage and does not forget information as easily as human brain. Computer is not tired performing complex string of tasks while we human need to take a coffee break every couple of hour to keep our mind functioning properly.
      However, these task are virtue of faster processing speed and diligence rather than intelligence. Computer are not able to adapt and learn new things like human brain. Our brain is capable of analyzing new and unfamiliar system in a way computer cannot. It can also recognize complex patterns while in computer it is limited to only superficial level. Also, computers today are not capable of learning from past experience as us human and rely mainly on the information it gets during the operation and that limitation of computer make it inferior to human brain.
      Even though, the task of creating an intelligent computer have eluded computer scientists and engineers for decades they have not given up. Moreover, they have been succeeded in it more than ever before. We have systems that can understand narrow subsets of human language, solve problems in well-defined areas of knowledge, navigate restricted real world spaces without human assistance, and perform other limited tasks. Also, Scientist in IBM developed a super computer Deep Blue that defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov in 1997. This feat is considered to be most significant breakthrough in task of creating truly intelligent machine.
      As much as we have talked about intelligent computers there must be a method for distinguishing a whether a machine is intelligent or not. There are several method for testing this and the most influential but also highly criticized is called the Turing test, developed by Alan Turing in 1950. It requires a judge to engage in natural conversation with a human being and a machine which is designed to generate performance indistinguishable from that of human being. If the judge cannot reliably tell the machine from the human, the machine is said to have passed the test. A program named ELIZA, developed by Joseph Weizenbaum in 1966, is claimed by some programmer to have passed the Turing Test but this view is highly contentious. Till today scientists and engineers are developing program that can successfully pass the Turing test with any contention.
      Development of intelligent system has come a long way, near intelligent system which can perform various task without human interference has been developed and such system is being called Artificial Intelligence (A.I.). An autonomous vehicle developed by DARPA (Defense and Research Project Agency) of US and Carnegie Mellon University drove almost 2850 miles from Washington DC to San Diego without human help. PEGASUS, a spoken language interface connected to American Airlines is used to obtain flight information and make flight reservation over the phone. Major Smart-phone companies are equipping their device with personal assistant which can perform near human conversation and learns and displays information according to how user use their device.
      A number of artificial intelligence (AI) enthusiasts have been predicting that machines will eventually surpass human intelligence in the foreseeable future. In some cases, when tasks are easily broken down into sequential, smaller arithmetical components, computers outperform the human brain, reflecting the lack of adaptation of the later to such problems. Despite this, the current overall consensus in the field is that computers still need to evolve significantly to match the efficiency and complexity of the brain. Unlike computer power, which is very well defined, we are still far from understanding how to express the processing power of the human brain.
      At the fundamental level, the intelligence of machines, as well as the cognition of the brain is a based on the storage of information and electrical currents conducted through highly specialized and sophisticated architecture of wires. In machines, these signals flow at the speed of light while in the brain, the velocity of impulse conduction in the axons is between 0.2-120 m/s. Supercomputers have approached roughly the estimated computing power of the brain, several petaflops, but at an enormous cost: about 10 million watts of power consumption versus 20 watts in the brain.
      However, with development of intelligent machine human being will have to prepare for new changes socially and mentally as well. Humans are used to seeing themselves as the only intelligent beings in the world. If we are going to deal with truly intelligent computers, we will have to adjust very deep beliefs about our uniqueness and superiority. For intelligent computers will not only possess human-level capabilities, they may be functionally immortal and ultimately possess powers beyond our ken. Initially, they may be dependent upon us, but, if we do not deliberately impede their progress, they could become autonomous in relatively short order. Under these circumstances, it is unclear whether they would integrate into our society or form a parallel civilization. As mechanical beings, intelligent computers could potentially modify themselves much more rapidly than humans and evolve at a faster pace.
      For as long as computers have been around, they've been doing things better than humans. But we cannot deny the fact that when logic is concerned, we humans rule. So for today, in the question of which is more intelligent, Human brain takes away the title. Computers are only as smart as their users and programmers are.


      FACEBOOK Photo Album Download

      I don't use Facebook anymore. Its not about the privacy issue but I won't be using it any more. But there are my 50 photo albums that are very precious to me. In order to download it one image after another it takes months. After a few research I found this Firefox Add-on facepaste which fulfills my objective.
      If you want to download all the photos of your facebook photo album at a single click then,   you have this Firefox addon "facepaste" developed by  Delan Azabani. This add on is free to download. Once you install this addon you can easily download all your album in a single click. You can also download multiple album at once.
      After the installation:
      #1 Right Click + Download Facebook Album(s)
      Then you can see the screen similar as below

      facepaste User Interface

      Enjoy facepaste.
      But things like Add-on and extention don't necessarily exist in the browser in case facepaste doesnot exist any more please Search " Facebook Album Download " in firefox add-on search bar.

      Also there exists an Application of Chrome Browser titled " Facebook Photo & Album Manager" This is more user friendly than facepaste. Choose whichever you like.
      Thank You!!!