How to View Complete Details About a WiFi Network in Mac OS

How to View Complete Details About a WiFi Network in Mac OS

Whenever you’re connected to a Wireless network (WiFi) on your Mac OS X, you don’t get to see the complete details about that specific WiFi network. You can manage various WiFi settings by visiting Network preferences > WiFi > Advanced. While you can view very few details like your local IP address provided by the router, subnet mask, router’s IP address, setup DNS and proxies; from the Advanced settings window.
But there is a quick way, to view complete details about a WiFi network which includes BSSID, channel & country code of the router, signal strength, disturbance (noise), and the transfer rate of the network.


Make sure you’re connected to the WiFi network whose details you wish to view.
Now hold down option key and click on the WiFi icon on the menu bar. This time you’ll not only see the options to search and switch between the networks, you’ll also see a list of various technical details about the WiFi you’re connected to.
From the top are the interface name and the mac address of the WiFi adapter of your Mac system. The next extra option you get this time is Open Wireless Diagnostics. Without having to visit the advanced setting window you can directly diagnose WiFi problems, using this option.
BSSID is the mac address of the wireless access point (WAP).
RSSI is the strength of the signal of the Wireless network you’re connected to. RSSI stands for Received Signal Strength Indication, whose value ranges from -100 to 0. For a signal to have good strength, its value must be near to 0. That means, RSSI indication of -20dBm is better than -70dBm.
Tx Rate is the maximum speed of the network which is possible for data transfer inside that specific network.
PHY Mode shows which wireless technology standard does the network follow for the connection. Mostly, nowadays’s routers make use of 802.11n technology, but it might vary depending upon the router you’re using.

4G has been made available for Nepal Telecom

Finally, 4G has been made available for Nepal Telecom prepaid and post-paid users .To activate: Dial *444#NOTE:On activating 4G, one will get free data subscription of 4GB for 4 days. *1GB/day.

For More Info Contact your nearest Nepal Telecom Office Or Call : 1498

NT had launched 4G service in the beginning of 2017. Around 50,000 NT postpaid service subscribers have switched to 4G service.NT, on October 21 2016, received permission to operate 4G service in Kathmandu and Pokhara from January 1,2017. Since then, NT has been conducting tests of the 4G service in both the places. During these tests, NT had, however, found that 4G service was inaccessible in Apple devices powered by iOS, a mobile operating system created and developed by the US smartphone maker.This means users of iPhone and iPad may not be able to use 4G service for the time being.Telecom operators all around the world must sign an agreement with Apple to enable their customers to use devices such as iPhone and iPad on their networks. NT apparently has not entered into such a deal.The agreement basically allows a telecom company to synchronize its network with Apple devices that run on iOS, paving the way for iPhone and iPad users to use 4G service on its network.NT has said it has already requested the American smartphone maker to enable the ‘location code’. While NT is all set to launch 4G service, Ncell, a privately-owned cell phone service provider, has not obtained permission to do so. The NTA is yet to extend the permission to Ncell, although both the telecom companies had formally sought permission in July to launch 4G service from the existing frequency of 1800 Mhz.

As part of the preparations for launching 4G service, the telecom giant had upgraded 308 of its Base Transceiver Station (BTS) towers in the Kathmandu Valley and 25 stations in Pokhara. The upgraded network allows consumers to use data at speeds of up to 32.4 Mbps. NT aims to eventually raise it to 100 Mbps. The Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) has authorized NT to offer 4G service with a bandwidth of 5 Mhz from the 1800 Mhz frequency band. NT has asked the regulator for another 5 Mhz bandwidth to increase the speed to 100 Mbps.

Once the pilot phase is completed, NT aims to launch the service in 15 municipalities in the first phase. The expansion will be based on the scale of demand and supply. The telecom service provider is of the view that people in remote places might not be in need of 4G service or may not want to pay more to get faster connectivity. As per the latest report prepared by the NTA, the state-owned telecommunication service provider has 13,536,114 GSM subscribers. The report states that the company has 7,504,457 internet service users using GPRS, EDGE and WCDMA technologies. There are 13.74 million internet service subscribers using these technologies across the country, according to the NTA’s data.
Get your Mediatek's MT7630e 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter working in Linux

Get your Mediatek's MT7630e 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter working in Linux

In some laptops like HP Probook 450 G1, Asus TP300LD, the inbuilt wireless network driver is Mediatek's MT7630e 802.11bgn. After installing any version of Ubuntu, the WiFi list as well as 'Enable WiFi' option in the network list will not appear in such devices. Hence, we gotta go through following steps to get that working!

  1. Firstly, confirm that your wireless network adapter is Mediatek's MT7630e 802.11bgn. To do so, open the Terminal(CTRL+ALT+T) and type:
    sudo lshw -C network

    There you can see under '*-network':

    description: Wireless interface
    product: MT7630e 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter

  2. After you confirm that your wireless network adapter is Mediatek's MT7630e 802.11bgn, carry on following codes:
    sudo apt-get install git build-essential
    git clone
    cd MT7630E/
    chmod +x install test uninstall
    sudo ./install

So there you go! Neither you should restart your machine, nor any extra application needed to get the WiFi adapter working!
How to Browse Internet in Laptop using Smart Phone?

How to Browse Internet in Laptop using Smart Phone?

I came up with this idea about using mobile phone's data to explore internet on my laptop. So I explored settings of my laptop and mobile phone and came up with two suitable solutions. Many people are already taking advantage of this feature provided in most of the Android phone(also on Iphone and Windows Phone). But in case you haven't given it a try, let me show you these three ways:


Tathering means using a smartphone in order to connect your laptop or any other device to browse internet. Tathering your smartphone lets all the connected devices to browse internet according to the bandwidth provided by your Mobile Network Providers. There are two ways you can tather they are 
  • USB Tathering

    In order to do USB Tathering it is necessary to connect your device to Smartphone with a USB cable. On your Mobile Phone's Setting 
    GOTO: Connections > More Networks > Tathering and Portable Hotspots > Select USB Tathering
    Note: Prior to these settings enable your mobile data to enable internet access.
    Enable wifin in your Laptop and suddenly after you enable USB Tathering, your device is connected to a network which is actually you mobile network. Now you can browse you internet.
  • Bluetooth Tathering
    Bluetooth tathering is also similar to the USB Tathering, Instead of selecting USB Tathering select Bluetooth tathering and you will have to enable your laptop's bluetooth to use the tathering

Portable Hotspot
Portable HotspotIn order to enable portable hotspoot in the same menu  Tathering and Portable Hotspots, Enable the Portable Wi-Fi hotspot option. Normally when you configure your hotspot a wifi appears with its SSID ADYY..... Portable hotspot is better than rest of the alternatives because you can provide a security measure to the hotspot with WPA2PSK Security Protocol. You can connect upto 10 devices with a single hotspot.

Troubleshoot Network Manager, Apache, Wireless...

Today's Blog is all about networking stuffs and I will be covering following points:
  1. Know your Network Controller Device with lspci
  2. Display all interfaces which are currently available, even if down with ifconfig
  3. Enable the service networking 
  4. Enable Apache server
  5. Then Enable Network Manager with network-manager
  6. Then  Enable your WiFi with nmcli nm


Then we are all set to run the internet.And now we are some basic troubleshooter about networking, though networking is a huge this would be the first step. Not actually first first step in networking is always theory The Basics of Networking, but we are not dealing with it today. So lets begin

1. In order to know  the hardware devices assembled in your laptop open your TERMINAL CTRL+ALT+T and then type lspci .
This displays all the hardware devices  like PCI BRIDGE, SATA controller, SMBus, USB Controller, Audio Device assembled in your laptop / computer. 

My Network controller is:
02:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM4313 802.11bgn Wireless Network Adapter (rev 01)

2. So now we need to know the interfaces that are available in our UBUNTU.  To see this type ifconfig in the terminal and you will see the output like this :

3. To access the internet first your hardware device should be activated, In order to do so type 
sudo service networking  and press tab twice which displays  arguments like:
 force-reload       reload        restart       start         stop
Perform any you need.

4.  To enable apache server in terminal type:

      sudo service apache2 start

5.  Now enable the network manager. In order to do so in terminal type:
     sudo service network-manager start 

6. Now First view the available connecting points Wireless point or Ethernet. To view the available wifi points in terminal type
     sudo nmcli con list

This displays the available devices With its UID and SSID.
Now to enable the wifi in terminal type:

      Sudo nmcli con up SSID or the UID

You can manipulate these basic networking commands and  triubleshoot on your own.

How to Troubleshoot ap-hotspot

Fig: ap-hotspot error
Figure describes the error faced while accessing the ap-hotspot. the red color marked "Another process is already running"  is the error.

sudo rm /tmp/
This deletes the process id that is causing the error display.
In order to see which process is running 
 ps -ef | grep ap-hotspot 
It is necessary to keep in mind that whenever you update your system or install the new operating system this updates the version  ap-hotspot  package as well so you should mark hold the hotspot package  i.e.
                    sudo apt-mark hold hostapd


I tried a lot to enable hotspot through the GUI of Network Manager but it never happened. It created a hotspot but always the created hotspot didn't even appear in my android phone. Sometimes it is a problem in Ubuntu14.04. Same user interface worked for enabling hotspot in 13.10.Here are the steps that will guide you to enable hotspot and connect with other devices.You need to add a repository online, so make sure that you are using internet 
[email protected]:~$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8 Update the whole list of repositories 
[email protected]:~$sudo apt-get update                                        Adding the repository  adds ap-hotspot to the list, Now install ap-hotspot
[email protected]:~$sudo apt-get install ap-hotspot                         ap-hotspot is now installed. Better open,configure  and start the hotspot service
[email protected]:~$sudo ap-hotspot
[email protected]:~$sudo ap-hotspot configure
[email protected]:~$ sudo ap-hotspot start

After HOTSPOT is created

In case you want to see the devices that are connected to your hotspot use this command
[email protected]:~$ arp -a
I tried it in 14.04, give it a try in other distributions, hope it works. Enjoy the Linux Tips.Keep sharing with us , at the end idea of Linux is all about sharing and learning.