Quora Q&A: Does Anyone Actually Use Desktop Linux?

Quora Q&A: Does Anyone Actually Use Desktop Linux?

After a long time I logged in to Quora and while I was going through the Q&As which were displayed on my Screen I saw this question Does Anyone Actually Use Desktop Linux? Being an Open Source Enthusiast and also a Technical Volunteer for Help Nepal Network's E-Library Project, I believed this question needs a solid answer. Well while I saw the question it already had 100+ answers, But I still took chance to answer my experience about Desktop Linux.
And here is my answer:
Why Not?

Edubuntu installed on KU Lab for Training E-LIBRARY Volunteers
Here at Kathmandu University, Nepal our computer lab's hundreds of Desktop user FEDORA and Ubuntu. I can happily say that everyone here at University is familiar about OpenSource Technologies
We volunteers from Kathmandu University Open Source Community have established E-Library using Edubuntu(A UBUNTU Distribution for Educational Purpose).
The library is set up using LTSP Package. In a school there are one one server and 10clients. The E-Library is used by students from Class one to 8. Which is on average 200students from one school use those computers daily. And till the date, there are almost 30+E-Libraries in Nepal. Project is a joint collaboration of HELP NEPAL NETWORK and DoCSE, KU with the Moto ONE E-LIBRARY PER DISTRICT

Also read the Update here

GITHUB : How to Track Activities of your repositories via Email Service?

Open Source Simply Rocks!. So much excited to write this blog.

Scenario:

You are moderator/supervisor of a Github Project. You've your team members who are continuously working on project from their favorable work space. Now how do you think you will keep update about the changes made by them until you will see a pull request or a bug report?

Wouldn't it be great if you could get some sort of alert whenever any member performs a change on your repository? Actually there is a work around  to receive email alerts whenever there is changes in your repository. Whenever a user commits to your repository you'll receive an email.

Solution:

This is how we add a Email Service for getting alerts about every commit:
  1. Go to your Github Repository
  2. Click Settings
  3. Click Integrations & Services
  4. Click Add Service
  5. There are a dozens of services you available in the dropdown. Click for Email
  6. You will get a form to fill some information. Fill it:
  7. After filling the information Click Add Service, try making changes to your repository and commit those changes. You will get email alert within a minute.
That's all for this blog. This is the first time I did experiment with github integration and services. I see there are many services like dockers, Filezilla, Rally, Trello and many more which I'll explore soon and share my findings in upcoming blog posts.

Related Articles:

Github Introduces Community Standards

In order to set common opensource guidelines for projects hosted in public repositories, github has introduced ways to measure community standards on your repositories. At times you might have wanted to contribute in a open source project, but had no idea how to. Public repositories are free to clone, fork and sent a pull request. But your contribution won't be accepted unless it meets the motive and objectives set by an individual or a community who moderate that project.

Wouldn't it be awesome if you could know following things about a repository, so that you could invest some time and skills contributing:
  1. License that a project applies
  2. Description about what's the project about, tools it uses, and its current state.
  3. A Code of Conduct such that we could know ways to be a part of the project and contribute.
  4. Also a Contributing guidelines such that we would know the working mechanisms like reporting a bug, criteria for accepting a pull request, etc after we are a member.
To sum up all the four points, having information about four above mentioned points, your project repository is said to matched the community standards. To know what are open source guidelines for meeting the community standards, Click here.

Out of above mentioned four points github already had two features License and Description.
Currently there are twelve licenses listed as follows which you can fing while creating a new project repository:
  1. Apache License 2.0
  2. GNU General Public License v3.0
  3. MIT License
  4. BSD 2-clause "Simplified" License
  5. BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License
  6. Eclipse Public License 1.0
  7. GNU Affero General Public License v3.0
  8. GNU General Public License v2.0
  9. GNU Lesser General Public License v2.1
  10. GNU Lesser General Public License v3.0
  11. Mozilla Public License 2.0
  12. Unlicense( This means no license at all, set your code free)
Github also has a feature known README  adding details about your projects, which you can choose while creating a new repository. 
For two of the remaining feature github has introduced CODE OF CONDUCT and CONTRIBUTING.
Now in your repository under the Highlights Dropdown you can see a sign of love for Community. This is recently added in Github. Click at the Community and for your repository you will be shown a progress meter which displays if your project meets open standard or not.
Now you can see README, Code of Conduct, Contributing and License on your community profile. In one of my repository, I have only added Readme and License. And the progress bar displays that  my repository meets 50% of the community standards.
From here you can add Code of Conduct and Contributing Guidelines. This is quite simple as adding information inside your Readme. But make sure that your project's Code of Conduct and Contributing Guidelines are straight forward and strict in a sense it will be transparent for contributors to apply, contribute and promote.

Related Articles:

How to Hide/Exclude Certain Files from Sidebar in Visual Studio Code?


Currently I'm learning Angular2 and building a test project using Visual Studio Code.  VSCode is a lightweight but powerful source code editor which runs on your desktop and is available for Windows, OS X and Linux.
So what happens while working on Angular2 Project is that we write TypeScript codes. The tsc: typescript compiler generates respective JavaScript Code for our typescript codes. For this single process there are 3 files created which are listed below:

For a typescript file: event-details.component.ts, typescript compiler creates event-details.component.js.map and event-details.component.js. This is two additional files for a single components. Imagine an application with 20 components and 10 services, your side bar will be full of files. Because of similar names you cannot locate your required files easily. 

So in Visual Studio Code, here is how you Hide/Exclude certain files from your sidebar:
  1. Goto File
  2. Click Preferences
  3. Click Settings
    You will see the user Settings and Workspace Settings in your Visual Studio Code Text Editor.
  4. In your text editor add following code:
    "files.exclude": { "**/**.js.**" : true, "**/**.js": true, "**/**-lock.**": true
Above code listed every file with extension .js , js.** (example: *.js.map), *-lock.*(example:config-lock.json) will be hidden from sidepanel.

This small tips will help us refine our sidepanel and also vase much time in finding the right file we want

Related Article: 

Why Visual Studio Code?


 Free. Open source. Runs everywhere.
Visual Studio Code is a lightweight but powerful source code editor which runs on your desktop and is available for Windows, OS X and Linux. It comes with built-in support for JavaScript, TypeScript and Node.js and has a rich ecosystem of extensions for other languages (such as C++, C#, Python, PHP) and runtime. Visual Studio Code is one of the greatest committed open source project on Github by Microsoft. 
Owner: Microsoft
Github: vscode

Why Visual Studio Code?

VS CODE provides development environment for most of the programming languages which follow Open Specification (technical standard) known as Common Language Insfastructure(CLI
VSCode is lightweight. Comparing it with the Visual Studio it has many pros which promises developers to dive into it.
Visual Studio2015(V14.0)CODE
Software Size1.9GB54MB
Visual studio Code consists of three components:
  1. Side Panel
    Here we can see the tree structure of your project. We see a search icon where we can perform advance search in files as well as folders. Visual Studio has integrated Git where we see the change in file immediately. We can perform every git operation that can be done from other git application. We can browse extensions and download from side panel too.
  2. Text Editor
    This is where you do all the coding stuffs. The color customization and Theme Selection from VSCode is pretty straight forward. You can split the screen and see multiple text editors.
  3. Terminal
    Here we build and run the project. Once we run the program from terminal it fetches and downloads all the necessary referenced library online while building the project.
You can perform all other activities that you do from Visual Studio 2013, 15, 17 and other IDEs.
This can be a major alternative of Visual Studio IDEs where you need to buy the licence key and also need ore space and memory to execute it. VS CODE mimics the Command Line Interface implementation of developing and deploying a project. So this could be a good tool for software development.  
Because it's free (smile) (tongue) (big grin). Free as in you can view and customize the source code. Do you believe that Microsoft launched a software for free? Means it's worth it.
I use visual studio code for web app development in ASP.NET MVC Framework, Angular2. 
Explore more about Visual Studio Code.
MICROSOFT AND OPEN SOURCE TECHNOLOGIES

MICROSOFT AND OPEN SOURCE TECHNOLOGIES

Have you ever thought Microsoft a company who sells it's products like Windows OS, Visual Studio, Azure and all much more in hundreds and thousands of dollars would produce something for free? At Microsoft as a matter of fact even the Sticky Note is not free.😝


I never imagined Microsoft would launch a product and not license it as their Proprietary Asset. Neither I had never imagined it would invest its time and money on Free and Open Source Technologies. But it surprised the whole world in last few years. If you have observed the milestone of Microsoft, you would be surprised as I'm these days. Not only Microsoft was interested on Open Source Technologies in past couple of years but also it Launched a handful of Tools and made them Open Source.

Sounds like I'm exaggerating, but below are some of the Tools and technologies launched by Microsoft as Open Source. This will also leave you with a question mark "why is such a huge company  so much interested on FOSS and what would be the future surprises for Open Source Enthusiasts and the Microsoft Lovers.


.NET Core

Microsoft released .NET Core as an open source product on November 12, 2014. This was a huge day for .NET migrating from its Proprietary circle to the open source. The runtime as well as the framework libraries were also made open source together with .NET Core.
.NET Core is a modular development stack that is the foundation of all future .NET platforms. It’s already used by ASP.NET 5 and .NET Native.

Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code is a source code editor developed by Microsoft for Windows, Linux and macOS. It includes support for debugging, embedded Git control, syntax highlighting, intelligent code completion, snippets, and code refactoring. It is also customizable, so users can change the editor's theme, keyboard shortcuts, and preferences.
Microsoft released Visual Studio Code on November 18, 2015. And to highlight some of the surprising facts, Recently Microsoft is the one with Highest Commit on GitHub. This fact will be surprising to the Open Source Lovers and also to the Microsoft developer community
PowerShell

PowerShell(including Windows PowerShell and PowerShell Core) is a task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language built on the .NET Framework.

18 August, 2016 Microsoft announced some of the components of PowerShell as Open Source.

Black Duck Integration with Visual Studio

Black Duck are popular for development of automated open-source code management tools. It's on the news that Microsoft is integrating Black Duck's Hub program with Microsoft Visual Studio Team Services (TS), formerly Visual Studio Online, and Team Foundation Server (TFS).

I Just highlighted some of the Open Source Tools that was developed by Microsoft. With these findings that I worked on I'm interested in the milestones of Microsoft. I want to explore what is it going to release next in near future. Also how will it contribute to the Open Source Community and at the same time handle its Proprietary product and huge customer base. So I think I should also write some more blogs on each of these open source tools and all curiosities I have. Being an Open Source Enthusiast, it would be awesome to compare and contrast the features available in these tools. Also I can get an idea on the motive behind Microsoft's investment to the Open Source Tools. 

Stay Tuned for some more blogs.
Reference : 

KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY: OPEN DATA DAY CELEBRATION BY KUOSC



Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal, celebrated International Open Data Day in Kathmandu University Central Campus, Dhulikhel on 4th March, 2017. The event was organized by Kathmandu University Open Source Community(KUOSC) an autonomous wing of Kathmandu University Computer Club in order to mark, promote and encourage use of Open Data in Nepal. Open Data Day is celebrated every year throughout the world to bring together the people and organizations based on shared enthusiasm for open data.

During the talk program Volunteers from KUOSC shared their ideas and experience on Open Source Technology and use of Open Data. Pratit Raj Giri explained the motive of the program. He further talked about what is open data and the state of open data in Nepal. Rishi Raj Gautam  shared about how could we contribute for Open Data in Nepal. Sandeep Neupane shared his idea and experience from the survey he had done in Kavre district related to Open Data. He shared his experiences and findings on the program. Mahesh kafle new open source enthusiast of KUOSC, talked about how to get involved in open data. He shared his experience from the Recent Open Data Hackathon that was organized in the Kathmandu. Sanjog Sigdel also added few points on contributing to Open Source Community and Open Data. He also talked about his contribution on Open Street Mapping, Ubuntu Localization and Wikipedia at the end of the program.

Everyone who attended the program came to a conclusion to make a commitment to contribute for Open Data.They also did some brainstorming and came up with an idea of Hackathon within the University to promote Open Source Technologies. They came to a conclusion that this Hackathon could identify possibilities of doing a long term Open Source Project which could be continued by their juniors.

In different part of country, Open Source Enthusiasts and Open Hacktivists are celebrating OPEN DATA DAY. You can find the hash tag #OpenDataDay trending on  Social Networking Sites.

Here are some glimps of today's wonderful event:














Open Data Day 2017





Open Data Day is a gathering of citizens around the world to write applications, liberate data, create visualizations and publish analysis using open data. It is an effort to show support and encourage the adoption of open data policies by worlds local, regional and national government.

Open data is yearly event based on shared enthusiasm for open data since 2010. This year also with the same enthusiasm we are celebrating Open Data Day on March 4, 2017. Last year 262 cities celebrated open data day. During this event, participants are able to grab an opportunity to share their experiences with open data, open map, future projects, etc.

Why is it celebrated in Kathmandu, Nepal?
Kathmandu is one among many cities around the world taking part in international movement on open data to create awareness of what and how it can be greater use to government and to general public. With the communities like Open Nepal, Kathmandu Living Labs, Open Knowledge Foundation, FOSS Nepal, Mozilla Nepal, Wikimedia Nepal; open data has now established an important concept and these communities played a role in promoting transparency, accountability and citizen engagement in Nepal.

What will happen during Open Data Day in 2017 in Kathmandu?

Open Data Day is all about motivating data enthusiasts around the world. Following the same spirit Open Data Day 2017- Kathmandu will provide opportunities for people to explore and collaborate on open data for solving issues regarding public procurement and health in Nepal. They are organizing a various programs such as:
Thematic presentation and Panel Discussion
Lightning talk session
Hackathon showcase ( P. S. this event has began from 25th February, 2017)


Who can participate?

Open Data Day 2017 is for everyone. Anyone with an interest in open data , open map, transparency, accountability and civics can participate. Participation is free of cost BUT they must come with passion to learn, share and collaborate.

Source:
Non-Code Contributions to promote Open Source

Non-Code Contributions to promote Open Source

Contribute to open source! It’ll look great on your resume! It’s gratifying work!
You may have heard people make these statements, or ones similar to them, numerous times throughout your career. They’re not wrong contributing to open source is a rewarding endeavour in multiple dimensions but, when software engineers advise other software engineers to contribute to open source they usually mean code contributions. This is a fair assumption to make, but the reality is that there are numerous opportunities to contribute to open source without writing a single line of code. How? Let’s run through some of the non-code opportunities to contribute to open source.

This particular paragraph that I read made me to write about the way I am contributing in open source. You can read the article written by Safia Abdalla [Here]

Evangelize

It is not that your friends will be impressed seeing Linux installed on your system and they will instantly want to install Linux and use it. Open source is not that catchy to everyone. But its your role to evangelize them about the bright side of open source. If you are using open source software then spread the word about it among your circle. The guy who is doesn't know about open source is always using it unknowingly (android phones and various servers online which are hosted by Linux). If you are using any project related to open source then just share it: it will make a good impression.
Last semester I used an open source model (open sunbrust model) for data visualization. It helped me to get through my project.
  

Report bugs

 You don't need to be a geek to use any open source software. Best part as well as the worst part about linux is errors and troubleshooting them. So a non-code contribution to open source can be error reports or bug reports. For and error you face you can report it to its website or community support website. So that someone who have gone through the same error can give you the solution. If it is some new error than the core developer team will be happy to help you out to make their open source project efficient for many number of users.

Mentor

Solving any error is not always about revising the code. So while troubleshooting your problems you will find that adding the missing links in the source code or installing some missing plugins will solve the problem of a software. In that case you can share those ideas through support communities. It certainly takes a long time for the core developers team to get to your error and solve it. So community support site is the best way of mentoring and flourishing open source software.

Write

You can just write a sentence as a comment in any support communities which helps someone to solve their system. Your can ask questions or answer someone's in a descriptive way so that it will help all the people. You can answer the solution in stackoverflow, askubuntu or through social networking sites.

Host a meetup

Here in our university we volunteers from KUOSC  and FOSS NEPAL organize Open Source meetups and workshops like Linux Talks, FOSS KA KURA, E-Library Project, LTSP Workshops, Trainig of Trainee. Organizing such events is directly helping many students of the university to harness their skills about Open Source Softwares.

Localize

This activity is purely non-code and not-technical way of contributing in the open source projects. As the open source community extends all over the globe its you responsibility to make its use in your country. So language is the only way to communicate. Here in Nepal, we volunteers of FOSS NEPAL are localizing the Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 LTS in our official language Nepali. This will boost non-tech users as well as the government officials to be motivated towards open source software easily. You can contribute and localize it in your official language. It makes you feel special when you will see your contribution makes an effect , and your name in the contributors' list.

Improve security

You are not an expert in programming but your interest in security aspects may be so keen. If so is the case, you can  contribute some time in doint the application vulnerability resting or locating the loop holes in a project which can be threat to a open source project.

Conclusion

Open source projects are secured and trusted all over the globe by a combined effort of all tech and non-tech support communities overseas. So whoever or wherever you are you are always welcome to contribute in open source projects.
Now I totally rely on open source as it is secures, extensible, stable and every open source projects have a huge community support which makes me out of any problem within minutes. And open source projects are customizable and they allow us to shape it the way we want.

Lastly I would like to thank Sagia Abdalla for I wrote my viewpoints about ways of promoting Open Source reading hear article  [Here].

Software Freedom Day Eve Celebration by KUOSC

Software Freedom Day is everywhere!SFD is a yearly celebration for Software Freedom! Every year there are thousands teams organizing Software Freedom Day in different countries and cities.Software Freedom Day is a worldwide celebration of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). Our goal in this celebration is to educate the worldwide public about the benefits of using high quality FOSS in education, in government, at home, and in business -- in short, everywhere!

Kathmandu University Open Source Community is a part of Kathmandu University Computer Club which is fully dedicated in promoting Opens Source Software as well as hardware and spreading knowledge about it in the community. SFD EVE was celebrated within the premise of Kathmandu University (in front of Kathmandu University Central Library) .
Following were the attractions of SFD EVE:

  1. POSTER PRESENTATION
  2. FOSS KA KURA( FOSS DISCUSSION )
  3. LIGHTING OF CANDLE
 For me the attraction part was these  poster presentation:






























These Pictures speaks one common language i.e. open source and in above picture it is mentioned that we do not hate Windows.But in Nepal, we come to hear that one of the MSP(Microsoft Student Partner) was out from his post for giving a presentation on Open Source on Software Freedom Day.